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What is Hypertension? Its Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Blood pressure or hypertension is a common condition most people deal with. A blood vessel measures the amount of blood passing through it and the resistance it meets. The main reason for hypertension is when the force of blood pushing through your blood is too high. Before anything, let us understand about high blood pressure. You must take Blood Pressure Testing once or twice a year to diagnose any issues. 

What is hypertension?

Hypertension is a medical condition caused by high blood pressure against artery walls. This problem can be life-threatening. It is even responsible for various health diseases like heart disease, vision loss, kidney disease, heart attack, and stroke. High blood pressure take several years to occur, and it is difficult to notice the symptoms. Even without symptoms, high blood pressure can damage the brain, heart, eyes, and kidneys. 

What are the causes of hypertension?

The studies have shown that now, there is no common cause known for hypertension. But some habits magnify hypertension. When the blood pressure gets high, it puts strain on your heart and blood vessels which causes hypertension. It can lead to kidney failure, heart disease, and even heart failure.

What are the symptoms of hypertension?

When it comes to hypertension, there are no common symptoms known. About hypertension, most people have no idea what they are dealing with until it takes a massive toll on the body. It is considered a silent killer. There are some of the symptoms included-

There are three main categories of hypertension- Pre-hypertension, hypertension stage 1, and hypertension stage 2. 

  • The most common symptoms seen in this are nose bleeding, headaches, and short breath.
  • Several other causes include vision loss, erectile dysfunction, and loss of memory.
  • If you witness some blood spots in the eyes and even sometimes diabetes, it is a symptom of high blood pressure.
  • If there is sudden dizziness or loss of balance while walking, it can lead to a high risk of hypertension. Even though dizziness isn’t a sign of high blood pressure, the condition should never be detoured if you are dealing with it.

What are the treatment options for hypertension? 

  • Primary hypertension options 

If you are dealing with primary hypertension, lifestyle changes can be helpful and may reduce the chances of hypertension.

  • Secondary hypertension options

If it is diagnosed that secondary hypertension is there, the treatment would focus on other conditions. If the issue is related to medications, the doctor will change it. It all depends on the problem you are facing.

  • Medications

Sometimes medications can be helpful in the case of hypertension. You should consult the doctor and accordingly take the medicines. Some common drugs include- Diuretics, Beta-Blockers, Calcium channel blockers, and more.

  • Home remedies

There are some common home remedies as well which can be helpful for your hypertension, like a healthy diet and managing stress. Increase in physical activity quit smoking and alcohol, and more. These can also be effective in reducing high blood pressure. 

Many people suffer from hypertension. There are even some stages of hypertension as we have mentioned above, which define the severity of the condition. The doctor will help you in deciding the treatment best suitable. It is better to check your blood pressure in a year since no symptoms are known for hypertension. If you are looking for a reliable blood pressure testing company, Flinders Discount Chemist can help you. Contact our expert, they have years of experience and will surely take proper measures to take you out of this.

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